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Grammar 101: Its vs. It’s

by IELTS

These two words cause a lot of confusion and it’s well worth to spend a few minutes to know the difference between the two.

Its vs. It's examined and defined for you

ITSIT'S
IT IS A DETERMINER

A modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun or noun group has, for example a, the, every.
IT IS A CONTRACTION

The process of shortening a word by combination or abbreviation.
DEFINITION

(a) Belonging to or associated with a thing previously mentioned or easily identified.
(b) Belonging to or associated with a child or unspecified sex.
DEFINITION

(a) Contraction of “It is” and “It has”.
SYNONYMS

Owned, hers, his, theirs, yours.
SYNONYMS

N/A
IN A SENTENCE

I loved the cutting of the dress but had issues with its colour.

In the dead of the night, all we could hear was its footsteps.

Bingo lost its footing and fell to the ground.

The laptop is too big for its case.

The movie is surprisingly better than its book.
IN A SENTENCE

It’s so cold in Melbourne.

Choose what you want but it’s all the same in my opinion.

I hope it’s not too difficult for you.

It’s been almost a week of waiting.

It’s nice to know that my work is recognised.

Reference: Cambridge Dictionary, Thesaurus.com, yourdictionary

Now that you understand the words and know how to use it in a sentence, take our 10-question quiz to test your knowledge.

Scroll down for answers

Quiz:

1. Now that ____ (its. it’s) stopped raining, we can continue working on the deck.

2. I could hear something pushing ____ (its. it’s) way through the bushes.

3. My puppy was trapped in the room as I saw ___ (its. it’s) shaggy head through the window.

4. Every option had ___ (its. it’s) obstacles so choose one that you’re most comfortable with.

5. I know ___ (its. it’s) hard for you but it needs to be done.

6. You know ___ (its, it’s) not true, I have no reason to lie to you.

7. ___(Its, It’s) not too late, you can still catch the midnight bus to Singapore.

8. Don’t believe what you see, ___ (its, it’s) all a trick.

9. I couldn’t stand the sight of blood gushing from ___ (its, it’s) leg.

10. I believe all dogs love ___ (its, it’s) master unconditionally.

 

Answers: 
1. it’s; 2. its; 3. its; 4. its; 5. it’s; 6. it’s; 7. it’s; 8. It’s; 9. its; 10. its

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